The name is said to be the term given by them to the Shans or "Shams" who commenced invading the country from the east in the 13th century" (, "Prokaxokor Patoni (Publisher's Preface)", "The Ahom Political System: An Enquiry into the State Formation Process in Medieval Assam (1228-1714)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Etymology_of_Assam&oldid=990914955, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles containing Assamese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, A Geographical Account of Countries around Bay of Bengal, North East India (Minus Tripura and Manipur), This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 06:36. This name is in the 70th percentile, this means that nearly 30% of all the first names are more popular. The earliest Europeans who came in contact with Assam (and who had the opportunity to write the name in the Latin script), were travelers who went to Bengal and adventurers who accompanied military expeditions against the Ahom kingdom; these groups used variations of the name Asam to denote the kingdom. ), building on Assam, an Anglicization of the Bengali word Asam that itself refers to the Brahmaputra Valley. The percentage of male population is 51.08% The percentage of female population is 48.92% When was the first name Assam first recorded in the United States? [47], The second theory Gait reported is that Asama, meaning "unequal" or "peerless", was a name the local people gave the undefeated Ahoms, according to a tradition that the Ahoms themselves believed in. De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie. But the people call their country Asama and their language Asamiya". refer to the users manual from "CSC/PFC/Home -> User Manual" in Menu to register/Sign-in to avail any online service OR can call to call centre at toll free phone number:180030003468 (CSC Helpdesk) / 18003451100 (AMTRON Helpdesk)(10am to 5 pm on Working Days) OR write e-mail at helpdesk@amtron.in. [2], John Peter Wade (1805) called the Ahom kingdom, that commenced on the Konder Chokey, "Kingdom of Assam". There are 0.01 people named ASSAM for every 100,000 Americans. As a last name Assam was the 114,424 th most popular name in 2010. (, "I got a copy of Frans van der Heiden’s book in Dutch, published in 1944. It is based on the English word Assam by which the British rulers referred to the tract covered by the Brahmaputra valley and its adjoining areas. The portal was developed with an aim to provide single window service electors. [28], The name asama (as well as acam, asam, asam, asam) was used in the form asamakshara to denote the Ahom script in Sanskrit-Ahom bilingual copper plate grants of the Ahom kings. Assam is the eastern most sentinel of India endowed with enchanting and picturesque natural beauty. The majority of the newly constituted districts are sub-divisions of the earlier districts. The sixteenth century is the period when Srimanta Sankardeva established his Ekasarana Dharma. [11] In the Ramayana, Pragjyotisha is situated on the Varaha mountain and not in present-day Assam; According to Shastri (2002), the author "had no idea at all of its location and was just eager to refer to it as it had already become a celebrated town". [9], Satyendra Nath Sarma writes "Assamese is the easternmost Indo-Aryan language of India, spoken by nearly eight millions of people inhabiting mostly the Brahmaputra valley of Assam. Dispur is Assam Capital. All Assam Students’ Union (AASU) chief advisor Samujjal Bhattacharya on Sunday demanded that a national award be instituted by the Centre in the name of Assam’s cultural icon Rupkonwar Jyoti Prasad Agarwala.. Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 3 dec 2020 om 13:16. (, Srimandbhagavat, skandha 2, H Dattabaruah and Co., Nalbari, pp-38, "The Ahoms are here referred to as 'Asama'...The term 'Maluk' remains unidentified unless we take it to mean the variety of tribes in the north-eastern part of the country." Assam is spread over an area of 78438 sq. The population development of the State of Assam by census years. [56] Masica too believes that Assam derives from an earlier attested form of asam, acam which in turn is from a Burmese corruption of the name Shan/Shyam. [citation needed], After the British took control of the region, the name Assam was extended to the province that was then much larger than the Ahom kingdom. It … Total 23 Districts , 144 Taluk , 1551 Villages in this State . The modern Assamese word Āhom by which the Tai people are known is derived from Āsām or Āsam. Here is the list of Assam districts. District. It then included, Garo Hills and Lushai Hills (Mizoram). Assam: [geographical name] state of northeastern India on the edge of the Himalayas and bordering on Bhutan and Bangladesh; capital Dispur area 30,318 square …   asama maluka[25] dhobaa ye turuka Dikkaravasini is identified with present-day Sadiya. Guwahati is ook de grootste stad van Assam. Assam, state in northeastern India. [35] Thus the earliest English use of the name was "Aſem", with a Long s. Colonialists then followed these travelers and adventurers. Schools in Indian state Assam reopen after a seven-month long closure due to Covid-19 outbreak, Assam, India, November 2, 2020. [6], Though both explanations have been rejected in the academic literature, the notion that the name Assam has a Sanskrit origin continues to hold sway in popular perceptions, due mainly to two standard dictionaries of Assamese: Hemkox and Chandrakanta Abhidhan. Assam Fisrt Language is Assamese . Panchayat and Rural Development(Independent), Cultural Affairs Excluding Libary & Archeology Matters(Independent), Environment & Forest ( assist cabinet Minister as Mos) [57], "Ahoms also gave Assam and its language their name (, Das, Bhuban Mohan (1987) "The Peoples of Assam", "The Kingdom of Assam, where it is entered from Bengal, commences on the north of the Berhampooter, at the Khonder Chokey, nearly opposite to the picturesque estate of the late Mr Raush at Goalpara; and at the Nagrabaree Hill on the South", Wade, Dr John Peter, (1805) ", harvcol error: no target: CITEREFsarma1976 (, "The late Qing intellectuals were perfectly aware that the various modern terms of "China" Get information about Assam - districts, facts, history, economy, infrastructure, society, culture and travel. [23] The relevant stanza[24] is (in iTrans): kiraTa kachhaari khaachi gaaro miri Assam (Assamees: অসম; Ôxôm) is een deelstaat in het noordoosten van India. Assam: BJP Leader Among 36 Named in Chargesheet in State Police Exam Paper Leak Scam. The chargesheet included names of former Karimganj SP Kumar Sanjit … [4] While some believe the name Asama is a Sanskrit originated word which means unparalleled because of its unequal terrain with hills interspersed with valleys[5], Banikanta Kakati quotes Grierson in Linguistic Survey of India[6] that "While the Shan called themselves Tai, they came to be referred to as Āsām, Āsam and sometimes as Acam by the indigenous people of the country. The Assam Police Border Organisation was formed in 1962 under the Prevention of Infiltration of Pakistani scheme. Today, the political boundary of Assam contains roughly the historical Ahom Kingdom and its protectorates, the Kachari kingdom, Koch Hajo and a part of the Jaintia Kingdom. "The word Assam was connected with th!' The precise etymology of the name Assam or Asam (অসম) is not known, though many explanations have been put forward. Let us read in detail about this. This was accompanied by a profusive production in literature. kumari/akumari, bihane/abihane), a feature that is also seen in Sanskrit (sur/asur); therefore, Asham could mean the same as Sham, and the name could be derived as Sham (শাম) > Āshām (আশাম) > Āsam (আসম) > Asam (অসম). Naraka appears to be a generic name for many kings belonging to the Naraka dynasty. [47], Though Gait rejects both these explanations, he nevertheless asserts that the name is somehow associated with the Ahoms. I was able to find a copy of the original Dutch publication, published in 1675 in the library of the Maritime Museum, Rotterdam and compared the two publications. Second Language is Bengali, Bodo .Assam Postal Index (PIN) Starts with 78 . De staat heeft 31.205.576 inwoners. (AA) An Indian state ruled by Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Hindu nationalist party has passed a law abolishing all Islamic schools, saying they … In the early twelfth century, epigraphic sources from the Pala dynasty mention Kamarupa as a mandala of the kingdom they ruled. Name Portfolio Contact Details; Name. Objective Questions Answers, General Knowledge and gk on Assam State and Assamese history, culture and geography to improve your General Knowledge on Assam and to enhance your performance in various Exams like PSC, SSC, Bank and Govt Exams. [3] Some have speculated that the Bodo word "Ha-com" meaning low land was Sanskritised to 'Asama', dating its origin to at least first millennium common era. De kleine plaats Dispur, onderdeel van de gemeente Guwahati, fungeert als hoofdstad. Pl. Satyendra Nath Sharma accepts Banikanta Kakati's view in toto. Assam is a State in india. It has been the living place of various races, tribes and ethnic groups since time immemorial. The two standard Assamese dictionaries, Hem Kosha and Chandrakanta Abhidhan, offer broadly the same definitions." State name: Assam Total population: 31205576 House Holds: 6406471. The invasion of western Assam by Allauddin Hussein of Gaur up to Barnadi river in 1498 is recorded in coins from the early sixteenth century, declaring Hussein as the conqueror of Kamru (Kamrup) (and not Assam). Gait (1906) has mentioned that the British used Asam before finally settling on Assam; though Grierson claims that the form Assam is English, The Assam Tribune has reported the finding of a Dutch map drawn around 1661 with a label Assam.[41]. Assam is one of the Northeastern state of India. The Kalika Purana and the Yogini Tantra refer to Kamarupa as a kingdom from Karatoya in the west to Dikkaravasini in the east. van Leenen around 1661 and published around 1662, Assam was clearly named and correctly identified. Name Abbr. [34] Though Bowrey wrote his manuscript in the 17th century, the manuscript itself was published for the first time in the 20th century. Shan invaders of the Brahmaputra Valley" (, "The Ahoms are here (Bhagavata II v 474) referred to as 'Asama'" (, "Sankardeva, in one of his verses, composed in the early sixteenth century, while referring to the castes and communities of the then Assam used the term Axom to mean the Ahom." Updated with Geography, history, government, economy, travel info, food, festivals, dance & music, art & culture of Assam Assam Population by Sex. [13], The Kamarupa kings called themselves the Maharajadhiraja of Pragjyotisha. [43] Subsequent writers like P. C. Choudhury[44] and R N Mosahary[45] lend credence to this theory. Gait rejects this notion as well, noting that the local tribal people would not have given a Sanskrit name to the invaders. The Company, Assam Power Distribution Company Ltd. was incorporated on the 23rd day of October, 2009 as a public limited company wholly owned by the Government of Assam. Thus little room is left for the fanciful origin of the name, "While scholars disagree over the precise origins of the name, Assam, there is a consensus that the name, given to the land by the 13th century Shan invaders impressed by the valour of the people they conquered (or, in another reading, given by the conquered to the people who conquered them, being impressed by their generosity in victory), is derived from the Sanskrit word, asama, meaning unequalled, matchless, with the secondary meaning, uneven, undulating, with reference to the terrain of the land. On 1 April 2010, Name of North Cachar Hills district changed to Dima Hasao. Contact Details. Population. The population development in Assam as well as related information and services. For the creation of an autonomous state within Assam, there has been a demand for the implementation of Article 244A. Assam, Asam and other variations started appearing in relatively recent times, and their uses cannot be attributed to any period earlier than the sixteenth century,[17] and is associated with the Shan invaders. The earliest epigraphic mention of the Assam region comes from the Samudragupta's Allahabad stone pillar from fourth century CE, where it is called Kamarupa. Das Designation: Under Secretary & DDO (Accounts Department) Email: pradip.das-as@gov.in Phone: 9864106400 Fax: Address: Assam Secretariat, Block 'A', Second Floor Dispur, Guwahati, Assam-781006 While a section of historians and litterateurs had associated the state name with 13th century Shan invaders, the exact origin of Assam … Since the name China is derived from the Qin Dynasty (221 BCE - 206 BCE), the reference cannot be dated to earlier than the third century BCE. How many districts are there in Assam? The state coordinator now says Registrar General is yet to publish the final list. [17] The earliest mention of Asama is found in the Assamese Bhagavat of Sankardeva, which was composed in early sixteenth century. One of the earliest theories published was provided by Baden-Powell in 1896, when he proposed that the name could possibly derive from the Bodo Ha-com, meaning "low or level country". Addressing a huge gathering on the occasion of the 70th death anniversary of Jyoti Prasad Agarwala observed in the state as Silpi Divas, Bhattacharya said there is an … Since 1946, Assam has had 14 chief ministers. [33] One of the first unambiguous references comes from Thomas Bowrey in 1663 about Mir Jumla's death: "They lost the best of Nabobs, the Kingdome of Acham, and, by consequence, many large privileges". The State is adorned with beautiful lush covers of greenery, a chain of hills and rivers mainly the Brahmaputra and the Barak. Assam is a state in northeastern India, south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra river and Barak Valley.It is well known as “Pragjyotishpura” in Mahabharata and “Kamapura” in Medieval times, Assam has a rich green land of rolling plains and dense forests. Census 2011: Assam records highest rise in Muslim population, Decline of Hindus and the Rise of Muslims in Assam, https://nl.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Assam&oldid=57676061, Wikipedia:Commonscat met lokaal zelfde link als op Wikidata, Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen. On 15 August … Geografie. The density of Assam state is 398 per sq km. The festivals and fairs that are celebrated in the largest Northeastern state are entertaining, engaging, vibrant and nothing less than a spectacular experience. The State of Assam is divided into 33 Administrative Districts. So, if Ha-Com is the source of Sanskrit Asama, then it traces its origin from very early times, long before any Ahom invasion.[4]. ... Assam Legislative Council ... Asom Gana Parishad, which came to power in the state of Assam in the Assembly elections of 1985. The neighboring states of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Meghalaya were once part of Assam. Most of these cases are either decided ex-parte or decided against them on frivolous grounds such as spelling mismatch in various documents, mismatch of age in two or more documents or even not mentioning the details of extended family members in the written statement … [36] In various documents of the British East India Company relating to the last few Ahom kings, the name of country was mentioned as Assam.           yavana ka~Nka govaala | [16] The copper-plate inscription from Vaidyadeva calls Kamarupa a mandala within his own kingdom. There are total of 15939443 male persons and 15266133 females and a total number of children below 6 years in Assam. Two different meanings of the Sanskrit word Asama have been used to explain the name: one meaning "uneven" (terrain) and the other "unequaled". [54] Dimbeswar Neog notes that the Indic prefix a- does not necessarily mean an antonym in Assamese and it could just be a synonym (e.g. Sub-Districts. No. [47] George Grierson,[48] Banikanta Kakati,[49] and Dimbeswar Neog,[50] also reject the Sanskrit origin of the name. This name is in the 88th percentile, this means that nearly 11% of all the last names are more popular. originated from the sanskrit root. ASSAM is ranked as the 77004th most popular given name in the United States with an estimated population of 33. [29], As opposed to the local uses, where Asam and similar formations were used to denote the Ahom community, external sources used variations of Asam to denote the kingdom ruled by the Ahoms. Among the different theories, two attribute the name to the terrain of the region while three attribute it to the Shan invaders of the 13th century. The population development of the State of Assam by census years. The ultimate object of the Company is to undertake the electricity distribution, trading, supply in the state of Assam or outside in accordance with provisions of Applicable Law and all activities ancillary or appurtenant thereto. Name: Shri Pradip Kr. [27] Furthermore, Bhuyan mentions that though both "স" (s) and "চ" (c) have been used in the name, it is likely that it was pronounced mostly with ⟨s⟩. Increase. The population of Assam state is 31,205,576. The oldest recorded birth by the Social Security Administration for the name Assam is Saturday, May 15th, 1915. Though the precise Etymology of Assam, a state in India is unclear—there is general agreement that it is related to the Ahom people. In the Ramayana, Pragjyotisha is situated on the Varaha mountain and not in present-day Assam; According to Shastri (2002), the author … The pillar lists the frontier kingdoms (pratyanta nripati) and lists Kamarupa (Western Assam) along with Davaka, a region in the central Assam (undivided Nagaon district). State Motto: Hail mother Assam: Joi Aai Axom: State Seal: Government of Assam: Axom … Designation. This increased prominence of the Ahom kingdom brought it to the attention of those outside the Brahmaputra valley. [8] Colin Masica too endorses this view. Shastri, Ajay Mitra (2002) "Ancient North-East India (Pragjyotisha)", Aryan Books International, New Delhi. In the Bhismaparvan, the Pragjyotisha king Bhagadatta is said to have joined the Kurukshetra war with an army of kirata and cinas. [31] The official chronicler of Mir Jumla also calls the place "Asam".[32]. The, "Of the Kingdom of Aſem", Book III, Chapter XVII (, "...in the early dates of British rule, it (Assam) was spelled with only one 's'". Assam is an State of India with population of Approximate 3.12 Crores. The foreigners’ tribunals across Assam have declared more than 1.30 lakh people as foreigners across the state. There are 0.07 people named ASSAM for every 100,000 Americans. The 1826 Treaty of Yandabo, marking the conquest of the Ahom kingdom at the hands of the British, uses Assam to denote the area under the erstwhile Ahoms and its protectorates (Darrang Koch, Jaintias, Kacharis and some hill areas in the present Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland). The capital, formerly Shillong, was … This name is most often used as a last name, 88% of the time. km .. … This name is most often used as a last name, 88% of the time. Originate in the state of Nagaland in India and pick up tributaries from Manipur, Mizoram and Assam. The name Assam is derived from the word ‘asama,’ meaning ‘peerless’ in the now extinct Ahom language. Āsām, Āsam, Asam) to refer to the Ahom community. [1] Whatever the source of the English name, Assam is itself an anglicization. Since that time, the boundaries of Assam have been repeatedly redrawn, though the name Assam remained. ASSAM is ranked as the 97317th most popular family name in the United States with an estimated population of 237. The Ain-I-Akbari of the sixteenth century uses the form Asham (آشام) to denote the Ahom kingdom. At the same time, Vishwa Singha established the Koch kingdom in the west and the Ahom kingdom saw both a rapid expansion in territory and an increasing Hindu and Assamese influence in its court under Suhungmung. Name of District Area (sq km) Population Name of Head Quarters; 1: Baksa: 2,400: 953,773: Mushalpur: 2: Barpeta: 3,245: 1,693,190: ... Know more about number of districts in each state [52], Gait reports that some associated the name with the Shan who are called Syam by the Assamese, an explanation which he found not convincing. 4,795 ‘ineligible’ names in Assam NRC, 2019 list not ‘final’ — state coordinator tells HC Published on 31 August 2019, the final NRC had excluded 19.22 lakh people. Later epigraphic sources from Assam call the kingdom Pragjyotisha-Kamarupa. Locally, Vaishnavite writers and biographers used different forms of the name indiscriminately (e.g. [42] He rejected the possibility that the name Assam (Asam) could be derived from Aham (Ahom). State Code is AS . The population development of all urban agglomerations and single cities in Assam with more than 20,000 inhabitants by census years. The colourful heritage and rich culture of Assam are reflected in the different types of festivities and celebrations that take place within its borders. On the other hand, Jean-Baptiste Tavernier's Travels in India, published in 1676 uses the spelling "Assem" for Assam in the French original (Aſem in the English translation, published in 1678).           kubaacha mlechchha chaNDaala ||, The Ahoms were called Asam in the eighteenth century Darrangraj Vamshavali of Suryya Khari Daibajna;[21] variously as Āsām, Āsam, and Asam in the seventeenth century Shankar-carit of Daityari Thakur;[22] and Acam in Kamrupar Buranji. The land referred to as Pragjyotisha in the Mahabharata is now accepted as present-day Assam and North Bengal. There are 33 districts in Assam. The districts are demarcated on the basis of the features such as the rivers, hills, forests, etc. [12] (Shafer 1954) believes the center of the Pragjyotisha state was in upper Punjab that moved to Assam in the post epic period. The 1944 version has extra preface added by the publisher including a map of Bengale drawn around 1661 where the name of Assam is mentioned." ASSAM SSDG Home Page; charset=utf-8. Sri Naba Kumar Doley. In 2012 violent riots broke out between indigenous people lead by NDFB(S) and minority Muslims of BTAD. [18] The names appeared primarily in three different scripts: the Assamese, Persian and the Roman scripts. [15] Therefore, during the fourth century, the eastern boundary of the Kamarupa did not extend beyond west Assam. (, harv error: no target: CITEREFkakati1941 (, In general these copper plates have inscriptions in Sanskrit on one side and in the, The Indian Antiquary, July 1887, pp222-226, "Vervarelijke Schipbreuk Van't Oostindisch Jacht Terschilling", January 1944, W. de Haan NV, Utrecht. In a map of "Kingdom of Bengale", drawn by Joh. [citation needed], According to Grierson (1967), the English word Assamese parallels other demonyms (Chinese, Sinhalese, Nepalese, etc. [51] The Hemkox forwards the second theory, associating the name to the meaning "unequaled". Statoids: India States (Primary subdivisions. How unique is the name Assam? One of the kings Vaidyadeva, referred to Pragjyotisha as a bhukti and Kamarupa as a mandala (a smaller division, possibly within Pragjyotisha).[14]. [55] Amalendu Guha, too derives it from Sham; but instead of using an Indo-Aryan rule, derives it from the Bodo form, Ha-Sham, meaning the land of the Sham people. [26] According to a count provided by (Bhuyan 1930), the Kamrupar Buranji names the country some thirty times, of which Āsām was used three times, Ācam was used three times, and Ācām was used for the rest, though in other Buranjis other spellings are also seen. [37] Other writers (most notably Banikanta Kakati[38][39] and S N Sarma[40]) have repeated this claim. #. Puducherry, Verenigde Front van de Bevrijding van Asom, Nationaal Democratisch Front van Bodoland. In medieval times, the Mughals used the terms “Asham” (eastern Assam) and “Kamrup” (western Assam) which during the British colonial era morphed into "Assam". The epithet applied to the Shan conquerors was subsequently transferred to the country over which they ruled and thus the name Kāmarūpa was replaced by Āsām, which ultimately took the Sanskritized form Asama, meaning "unequalled, peerless or uneven"[7] Satyendranath Sarma repeats this derivation while quoting Kakati. Assam state information. [10], The land referred to as Pragjyotisha in the Mahabharata is now accepted as present-day Assam and North Bengal. Both Grierson and Gait agree that the British used Asam before finally settling on Assam. Several times the name of Assam is mentioned in this publication. (, "It has been suggested that this may be derived from Shan, or as the Assamese say, "The Assamese themselves call the native country Asam, with the vowels in both syllables short. [53] nevertheless Grierson has accepted that the 13th century natives of Assam called the Shan (Sham) invaders by this name. The word Assamese is an English formation built on the same principle as Simhalese or Canarese etc. Since the name China is derived from the Qin Dynasty (221 BCE - 206 BCE), the reference cannot be dated to earlier than the third century BCE. [1], (Kakati 1953) derives the name from a Tai root, cham (defeated), with an Indic prefix for negation, a-, so that a-cham would mean undefeated. Assam State is spread over 78,438 Sq Km. Gait (1906) reports that according to some people, the name "Assam" is derived from the Sanskrit asama, meaning "uneven" which describes the terrain of the region in contrast to the flat plains of Samatata,[46] though he rejects this explanation on the grounds that the word was never used before the advent of the Ahoms and that the Vamshavali of the Darrang kings used it to refer to the Ahom community and not to the land. In the Bhismaparvan, the Pragjyotisha king Bhagadatta is said to have joined the Kurukshetra war with an army of kirata and cinas. 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The United states about Assam - districts, 144 Taluk, 1551 Villages in this state majority assam state name the Pragjyotisha-Kamarupa... Outbreak, Assam is itself an anglicization of the English name, Assam, chain. Once part of Assam Colin Masica too endorses this view the form Asham ( آشام ) to denote the people... 88 % of the kingdom they ruled India endowed with enchanting and picturesque beauty... Uses the form Asham ( آشام ) to denote the Ahom kingdom state coordinator now says Registrar General yet. Indiscriminately ( e.g nevertheless Grierson has accepted that the assam state name century natives Assam... To denote the Ahom kingdom brought it to the invaders 3 dec 2020 13:16... On 15 August … Assam ( Assamees: অসম ; Ôxôm ) is een deelstaat in noordoosten. By census years was composed in early sixteenth century females and a total number of children 6! Information and services om 13:16 15th, 1915 the same principle as Simhalese or Canarese etc,... Indian state Assam reopen after a seven-month long closure due to Covid-19 outbreak, has... Brahmaputra valley development in Assam from Aham ( Ahom ) calls Kamarupa a mandala of the state now... Correctly identified, 1551 Villages in this state lead by NDFB ( ). Many kings belonging to the attention of those outside the Brahmaputra valley the name Assam is derived from Aham Ahom.